Tourism in Mali News Reviews

Mali

Land locked sub-Saharan nation of West Africa bordered by Algeria to the NE, Mauritania and Senegal to the W, Guinea and Burkina Faso to the S, and Niger to the E.

Mali’s history is linked with the great trans- Saharan trade route of slaves, salt, and gold that passed through its borders. The immensely lucrative trade gave rise to a succession of important medieval powers that dominated West Africa. The empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai wielded great power from the eighth to the 16th centuries, and the fabled Saharan cities of Timbuktu, Gao, and Djenne flourished as seats of learning and commerce.

Songhai was destroyed by invaders from Morocco in the late 16th century, and the country was fragmented into minor power centers led by local chieftains. During the 19th century France began to expand its colonial dominion into Mali and encountered fierce resistance. In 1898 French dominion became complete over the area, which was renamed the French Sudan. The colony languished as an impoverished agricultural territory under French rule until 1959, when French Sudan and Senegal joined together to form the Federation of Mali. This union collapsed in 1960, and French Sudan became the independent Republic of Mali. The new nation closely allied itself with China and attempted to develop a Maoist-influenced socialist state. In 1968 a military coup against strongman Modibo Keita took power with Lieutenant Moussa Traore as president and immediately had to contend with the ravages of the devastating sub-Saharan drought, which caused widespread starvation and death.

Keita died in prison in 1977, touching off a series of protests. In 1979, a new constitution led to elections and Traore was elected president. He was reelected in 1985, but removed in a coup in 1991, and replaced by Amadou Toumani Toure. In 1992, Alpha Oumar Konare of the Alliance for Democracy became Mali’s first president elected in free elections. In the mid-1990s there was conflict with the Tuareg people in the N of the country. Konare was reelected in 1997, but in 2002, Toure, the former interim military ruler, was elected president as an independent candidate.


     

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Travel news

50 people were injured in mexico due to the collapse of the bridge

At least fifty people were injured varying degrees due to the collapse of a pedestrian bridge at the fair in a small Mexican town called Jerez of Zacatecas. About this informed the representatives of... read more

started swimming season in israel

In Israel today officially begins the swimming season is from April 20 to October 12, rescuers work at 140 beaches in the country. According to statistics of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Israe... read more

the balloon landed on the prison territory in india

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new marine zoo in andalusia

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discovered an ancient city in the heart of london

The construction of the headquarters of Bloomberg in the city centre led to the discovery of fragments of ancient streets. The area of buildings of Roman times is more than 10 000 sq. m. ... read more