Island and independent state in the SW Indian Ocean, part of the Mascarene group, approximately 475 mi E of Madagascar. Probably visited by Arabs and Malays in the Middle Ages and definitely by the Portuguese in the 16th century, it was occupied by the Dutch from 1598 to 1710. First named for Prince Maurice of Nassau, it was renamed Ile de France in 1722 when the French settled the island and began huge sugar plantations. The British captured it in 1810, restored the Dutch name, and gained formal control in 1814. After the end of slavery here in 1833, the British brought indentured laborers from India, whose descendants constitute a majority of the population today. It gained its independence in 1968. In 1992 Mauritius became a republic. Mauritius has had one of the world’s fastest-growing economies since the early 1980s, and is increasingly attracting foreign investors, especially in the textile industries. Port Louis is the capital and the largest city.
Perhaps Mauritius - is the richest in Africa, a tropical paradise where you can do anything. Port-Louis, a bustling port with a newly rebuilt promenade and bustling market, is the capital of this small island a length of 64 km and a width of 46 km. However, most visitors are drawn to the resort areas, such as Mont Choisy, quiet little town of Trou aux Biches and more bustling Flic en Flac, especially popular for diving. Rivière Noire is ideal for those who like to engage in underwater hunting.